Guides and Tips

The Ultimate Guide to Persian Rug Cleaning

November 4, 2023
The Ultimate Guide to Persian Rug Cleaning

Persian rugs are more than just floor coverings; they are works of art and cultural treasures that have been woven for centuries. 

These exquisite rugs are known for their intricate patterns and vibrant colors and are not just decorative pieces but also valuable investments. 

In this guide, we will discuss how to clean Persian rugs properly to preserve their beauty and longevity

How to Clean Persian Rugs

Here are some key cleaning methods, from gentle dry cleaning to effective spot cleaning, to ensure your Persian rugs stay vibrant and pristine.

Dry Cleaning

Dry Cleaning
Time needed30–45 minutes
What you need• Soft brush or broom

• Dry rug cleaner

Dry cleaning is a gentle method suitable for delicate Persian rugs. To dry clean your rug, follow these steps:

  1. Prepare the Rug: Lay your Persian rug flat on a clean, dry surface. Ensure that the rug is secure and won’t shift while you work on it.
  1. Apply Dry Rug Cleaner: Sprinkle a small amount of dry rug cleaner evenly across the entire surface of the rug.
  1. Work the Cleaner In: Using a soft brush or broom, gently work the dry cleaning agent into the rug’s fibers. This action helps the cleaner penetrate the rug and bind to dirt and dust particles.
  1. Wait: Allow the dry cleaning agent to sit on the rug for the recommended time, usually around 10 to 15 minutes. During this time, the cleaner absorbs and encapsulates dirt and grime.
  1. Vacuum Thoroughly: After the waiting period, use a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment. Carefully vacuum the entire rug, going over each area multiple times if necessary. 

The vacuum will effectively lift the dry cleaning agent and the dirt it has trapped from the rug’s surface, leaving it clean and refreshed.


Time needed15–20 minutes
What you needVacuum cleaner with a brush attachment

Vacuuming is a routine maintenance practice to keep your Persian rug clean and well-maintained. Here’s how to do it effectively:

  1. Choose the Right Vacuum: Use a vacuum cleaner with an adjustable, non-rotating brush attachment. This attachment is gentler on the rug’s fibers and prevents damage.
  1. Vacuum in the Right Direction: Always vacuum in the direction of the rug’s pile or the direction in which the fibers naturally lie. This approach prevents the brush from agitating the fibers too vigorously and causing damage.
  1. Maintain Regularly: Make vacuuming your Persian rug a regular habit to prevent dirt and dust from settling deep into the rug’s pile. Aim to vacuum at least once a week or more if the rug receives heavy foot traffic.
  1. Vacuum Both Sides: Occasionally, flip the rug over and vacuum the backside as well. This helps remove trapped dirt and dust that can accumulate over time.

Spot Cleaning

Spot Cleaning
DifficultyModerate to difficult
Time neededDepends on the severity of the stain, 5–30 minutes
What you need• Clean, white cloths or sponges

• Mild rug shampoo

• Distilled water

• A bucket

Spot cleaning is important to address specific stains or spills on your Persian rug. Here’s an effective way to do it:

  1. Blot Excess Liquid: If a spill has occurred, begin by gently blotting the stained area with a clean, white cloth or paper towel. Avoid rubbing, as this can push the stain deeper into the rug.
  1. Prepare the Cleaning Solution: In a bucket, mix a small amount of mild rug shampoo with distilled water to create a solution. Make sure the shampoo is suitable for delicate rugs and that the solution is not too concentrated.
  1. Test the Solution: Before applying the solution to the stain, test it on an unnoticeable area of the rug to ensure it doesn’t cause color bleeding or damage.
  1. Apply the Solution: With a clean sponge or cloth, apply the prepared solution to the stained area. Blot gently, working from the outside of the stain toward the center. 

Avoid excessive scrubbing, as it can harm the rug’s fibers.

  1. Rinse and Blot: After applying the solution, rinse the area with clean water and blot the rug until it is dry. Ensure that no soapy residue remains on the rug.

Professional Cleaning

Professional Cleaning

When your Persian rug needs a thorough cleaning or some fixing-up, it’s smart to let experts handle it. Here’s why going to professional rug cleaners is a great idea:

  1. In-Depth Expertise: Professional rug cleaners have specialized knowledge and training in handling delicate and valuable rugs like Persian ones. 

They understand the unique characteristics of different rug types, materials, and dye methods. They can assess the rug’s condition, identify any damage or issues, and recommend the most suitable cleaning methods. 

This expertise helps ensure the rug is cleaned effectively without causing harm.

  1. Customized Cleaning: Professional cleaners tailor their cleaning approach to the specific needs of your Persian rug. They consider factors such as the rug’s age, material, dye stability, and any existing stains or damage. 

They can choose the cleaning method that’s best for your rug.

  1. Equipment and Resources: Professional rug cleaning companies have access to specialized rug cleaning equipment that isn’t typically available to consumers. 

This equipment is designed to clean rugs thoroughly while protecting their fibers and colors. 

They also have the means to ensure the rug is properly dried after cleaning to prevent mold or mildew growth that can occur with improper drying techniques.

  1. Stain and Odor Removal: Professionals have the expertise and tools to address tough stains and odors effectively. They can often remove stains that DIY methods might not fully do. 

If your rug has pet odors, professional cleaners can use specialized treatments to eliminate these odors to restore the rug’s freshness.

  1. Restoration Services: In addition to cleaning, professional rug cleaners can offer repair and restoration services for damaged or aging rugs. 

This can include reweaving, fringe repair, and color restoration to bring your rug back to its original beauty.

  1. Preservation of Value: Professional cleaning helps extend the life of your Persian rug by removing dirt, dust, and contaminants that can cause fiber degradation over time. 

Preserving its value can be a very important factor for collectors and those looking to pass down their rugs through generations.

  1. Convenience and Peace of Mind: Cleaning a Persian rug can be a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. Hiring professionals saves you time and effort.

How to Maintain Your Persian Rugs

How to Maintain Your Persian Rugs

Caring for your Persian rugs doesn’t have to be complicated. Here are some easy steps to keep them looking great for a long time. 

These simple tricks will help you preserve the beauty and value of your Persian rugs effortlessly.

  1. Air it out to stay dry: Sometimes, rugs can get too damp, which is not good for them because it can lead to rot, mold growth, and bad odor. 

Hang your Persian rug outside on a sunny day a couple of times a year to let it get some fresh air and stay dry. This method can help get rid of any dampness or odors.

  1. Rotate for evenness: Turning your rug helps it wear evenly. You should do this every few months, especially if it’s in a place where it gets a lot of foot traffic.
  1. Shield from too much sun: Too much sun can make the colors fade and weaken the rug fibers. If your rug gets a lot of sun, use curtains, sheers, or UV-blocking window tints to protect it. 

You can also easily move the rug away from direct sunlight.

  1. Untangle fringes carefully: The fringes on Persian rugs can get tangled. Don’t comb them, though, because it can damage the rug’s natural fiber. 

Instead, gently flip the rug to let the fringes straighten out naturally. You can also shake the rug gently to help straighten it out.

  1. Clean spills right away: If something spills on your rug, clean it up quickly. Use white paper towels or cloths to soak up the spill. 

Make sure not to use colored towels, as they might transfer their colors to the rug. Also, don’t scrub the spill, just blot it. 

Warm water and vinegar or a mixture of vinegar and baking soda for tough stains can help clean it naturally.

  1. Use padding under the rug: Putting padding under your rug can protect it, keep it clean underneath, and stop it from wrinkling or sliding around on the floor.
  1. Watch out for heavy furniture: Try not to put heavy furniture on the rug. Moving furniture around every so often can stop the rug from wearing out in one place. 

If your furniture has pointy feet, use casters to protect the rug.

  1. Keep an eye on pets: Pets, especially new puppies, can have accidents such as pooping, peeing, or chewing on your rug. 

Clean these up fast to prevent damage. When potty training a puppy, you might want to store your rug away for a while.

  1. Store your rug safely: If you need to store your Persian rug, roll it tightly and tie it up. Use airtight plastic wrap and add some mothballs to keep it safe.

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